Wave and Anemometer-based Sea Surface Wind (WASWind)

WASWind version 1.0.1

Ship-based measurements of sea surface wind speed displays a spurious upward trend due to increases in anemometer height. To correct this bias, we construct a new sea surface wind dataset from ship observations of wind speed and wind wave height archived in the International Comprehensive Ocean-Atmosphere Data Set (ICOADS). The Wave and Anemometer-based Sea-surface Wind (WASWind) dataset is available at monthly resolution on a 4 deg. x 4 deg. longitude-latitude grid from 1950 to 2011. It substantially reduces the upward trend in wind speed through height-correction for anemometer-measured winds, rejection of spurious Beaufort winds, and use of estimated winds from wind wave height. The reduced upward trend is smallest among the existing global datasets of in situ observations and comparable with those of reanalysis products. Despite the significant reduction of globally-averaged wind speed trend, WASWind features rich spatial structures in trend pattern, making it a valuable dataset for studies of climate changes on regional scales. Not only does the combination of ship winds and wind wave height successfully reproduce major modes of seasonal-to-decadal variability, but its trend patterns are also physically consistent with sea level pressure (SLP) measurements. WASWind is in close agreement with wind changes in satellite measurements by the Special Sensor Microwave Imager (SSM/I) for the recent two decades. The agreement in trend pattern with such independent observations illustrates the utility of WASWind for climate trend analysis.

Tokinaga, H., and S.-P. Xie, 2011: Wave and Anemometer-based Sea Surface Wind (WASWind) for climate change analysis. J. Climate, 24, 267-285.

10-m zonal and meridional winds (m/s),
10-m scalar wind speed (m/s),
zonal and meridional component of wind stress (N/m**2)
Zonal 2E to 358E by 4.0 deg
Meridional 88S to 88N by 4.0 deg
Vertical N/A
Temporal Jan 1950 to Dec 2011 by 1 month
Volume 58 MB
Acquired Jan 25, 2012 (Updated Feb 2014)
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